Picea omorika

Serbian Spruce




  • native to southeastern Europe
  • zone 4

Habit and Form

  • evergreen tree with pendulous branches
  • narrow, conical shape
  • 50' to 60' tall and 20' to 25' wide, can reach over a 100'
  • slow growth rate
  • medium texture

Summer Foliage

  • dark green in color with no stomatal line on upperside of leaf
  • needles are 0.5" to 1" long
  • needles tend to point forward and overlap
  • needles are pointed on young trees, mature trees tend to have a rounded needle apex
  • underside of leaf is glacous with 2 stomal lines

Autumn Foliage

  • no fall color, evergreen


  • monoecious
  • not ornamentaly important


  • cones found at the ends of branches
  • mature cones are short; 1.25" to 1.75" long by 0.5" to .75" wide
  • purple color turning to a reddish brown at maturity
  • cone scales have small dentate margins


  • dark black-brown color
  • peeling, thin scales


  • best in moist, well-drained, organic soils
  • pH adaptable
  • best if protected from strong winter winds
  • full sun
  • tolerant of city pollution

Landscape Use

  • specimen
  • screen
  • large shade tree when an evergreen is desired


  • occasionaly problem with borers and aphids
  • can not tolerant strong winter winds

ID Features

  • large, narrow, evergreen tree
  • small cones
  • needles leave petiole on stem when pulled off
  • short needles, overlapping and pointing forward
  • dark green color
  • slender trunk for tree size


  • by seed
  • cultivars by grafting or some by cuttings


'Nana' - This form assumes a dense, globular form when young. In time, it becomes a broad pyramid. The needles are densely set, deep green and have a white line underneath.

'Pendula' - Very popular as a specimen plant with upscale landscapers, this tree has drooping branches that make for a dramatic specimen. The habit is open, with deep green needles that are whitish underneath. 'Pendula Bruns' is a similar selection with an even more strongly weeping habit.

© Copyright Mark H. Brand, 1997-2015.

The digital materials (images and text) available from the UConn Plant Database are protected by copyright. Public use via the Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted. Use of the materials for profit is prohibited.

Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database, http://hort.uconn.edu/plants, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA.